Toyda, Inc. (Toyda) is one of the world?s leading car manufacturers. It sells cars exclusively in the United States. In recent years, Toyda has begun producing electric cars, as well as specialized equipment that is used to charge electric cars. Management of Toyda had been very optimistic about this recent venture. For internal purposes, Toyda projected a growth rate of 40% for the electric car production and for the production of the specialized equipment. Management believes that these estimates were conservative. Currently, Toyda is the only U. S. carmaker that is producing electric cars. In December 2015, a number of oil reserves were discovered in Alaska. These oil reserves are much more significant than any reserves that currently exist. U. S. consumers are euphoric over these discoveries. Accordingly, many automobile manufacturing companies and industry and government analysts believe that the demand for electric cars will decrease substantially. While the CEO is exceedingly worried about this new turn of events, she is not really worried about the financial statements for the December 31, 2015 year- end. Because Toyda is still in the early stages of producing and selling electric cars, most of the company?s current net income is attributable to traditional cars. The current consensus analyst forecast for net income per share is $ 10.25, which equates to $ 30.0 million of net income. Although Toyda has not yet finalized its financial statements for 2015, the draft income statement provided to the CEO on February 1, 2016, showed net income of $ 35 million, an effective tax rate of 20%, and total assets of $ 500.0 million. Toyda is audited annually. The CFO at Toyda has been consulting with external valuation specialists since early December to determine if there is a need to impair one or both production facilities. Toyda is not considering a potential sale or an alternative use of its production facilities. The valuation specialists have extensive experience with the global automotive industry, including the electric car industry in Europe. The valuation specialists issued their report on February 3, 2016. The report included an analysis of expected growth rates based on available market data, industry trends, historical results, and other pertinent data. The report indicated that Toyda will be able to maintain its expected growth rates for two more years, until the newly discovered oil reserves are ready to begin production. Beginning in 2018, Toyda would expect growth rates between 15% and 19% for the specialized equipment facility and the car production facility. The valuation specialists anticipate that Toyda will be able to dispose of the production facility for electric cars in 20 years, with proceeds of $ 500,000. Likewise, the production facility for the specialized equipment could be disposed of in 10 years with proceeds of $ 10,000. The valuation specialists also believe that the highest and best use of the facility is its current use and an expected present value technique ( i. e., expected cash flows) would be the most appropriate method to make a fair value determination. The CFO has been heavily involved in the preparation and review of the valuation specialists? report, and she believes it is a balanced and fair assessment. The table below provides data on the two facilities.
Year 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20
Yield (%)* 0.12 0.27 0.40 0.62 0.89 1.12 1.41 1.67 1.81 1.97 2.05 2.11 2.25 2.32 2.45 2.50 2.59 2.62 2.65 2.67
* This represents the annual yield to maturity for each time period. Thus, for example, an investment held for 10 years would yield a 1.97% return per year.
As the junior accountant, the CFO has asked you to provide her an analysis of the need for an impairment of the production facilities and the amount of impairment loss to be recorded, if any.
For December 31, 2015, using your judgment, perform an analysis of the need for an impairment of the production facilities and the amount of impairment loss to be recorded, if any. In performing your analysis, you should use an Excel spreadsheet to support any calculations. Document your judgment in a draft memorandum format that you will provide to the CFO ( not to exceed three pages). Be sure to include specific references to the applicable guidance and quote the applicable guidance. Also attach your Excel spreadsheet with your calculations.
This question was answered on: Jul 11, 2017
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