(a) Prove that when a particle of constant mass and charge is accelerated from rest in an electric field, its final velocity is proportional to the square root of the potential difference through which it is accelerated.
(b) Find the magnitude of the proportionality constant if the particle is an electron.
(c) Through what voltage must an electron be accelerated, assuming no change in its mass, to require a velocity one-tenth that of light? (At such velocities, the mass of a body becomes appreciably larger than its "rest mass" and cannot be considered constant.)
This question was answered on: Jul 11, 2017
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